Definition: This is a sentence that begins with one independent clause, and then is followed by more than one modifying, subordinate construction (several details are given for the same subject).
Examples of Cumulative Sentences:
(A) "I write this at a wide desk in a pine shed as I always do these recent years, in this life I pray will last, while the summer sun closes the sky to Orion and to all the other winter stars over my roof."
(Annie Dillard, An American Childhood, 1987)
(B) "Here was this man Tom Guthrie in Holt standing at the back window in the kitchen of his house smoking cigarettes and looking out over the back lot where the sun was just coming up." (Kent Haruf, Plainsong)
The blue text in the sentences above are the independent clauses. The green text is the subordinate constructions.
A simple way to break down the structure of a cumulative sentence is to think of a recipe. The independent clause is your product, and the modifying, subordinate constructions are the ingredients!

Definition and examples found at:
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